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Integrating Needs and Building Capabilities of Disadvantaged People in Local Disaster Plans

Disaster plans are vital to creating more disaster resilient communities, especially communities of disadvantaged people who are often marginalized and exert limited influence on plan making. Disadvantaged populations are characterized by a combination of various socio-economic features like old-age, low-wealth, disability, and racial and ethnic minority.

This report is intended to help emergency managers, urban planners, and others who work with disadvantaged populations improve local government disaster plans. We initially discuss how the primary types of disaster plans -- mitigation, preparedness and response, and recovery -- offer practical means that support disadvantaged populations. We then present two sets of guidelines aimed at creating local disaster plans that address conditions, concerns, and build capabilities of disadvantaged populations.